Employment Protection and Gender Wage Gap in Europe

  • Cristiano Perugini University of Perugia, Department of Economics, Italy; FREN, Belgrade

Abstract

In this paper we investigate gender wage disparities in 25 EU countries before and after the crisis, focusing on the role employment protection legislation played in shaping the gap across the wage distribution. Results of quantile regressions reveal a remarkable cross-country diversity in the size of the gap and confirm the widespread existence of glass-ceiling effects. Stricter rules for temporary contracts mitigate the gender gap, especially at the top of the distribution; stronger protection for permanent workers is found to increase the gap at the bottom of the distribution and to decrease it at the middle and at the top.

Key words: Gender wage gap, Employment protection, Quantile regression, EU.

JEL: J16, J31, J71.


Zaštita zaposlenosti i razlika u platama na osnovu pola u Evropi 

U ovom radu istražujemo razlike u platama na osnovu pola u 25 zemalja EU pre i posle krize, fokusirajući se na ulogu zakonodavstva o zaštiti zaposlenosti u oblikovanju jaza u raspodeli zarada. Rezultati kvantitativne regresije otkrivaju izuzetnu raznolikost među državama u veličini jaza i potvrđuju rasprostranjeno postojanje efekata staklenih plafona. Stroža pravila za privremene ugovore ublažavaju jaz na osnovu pola, posebno na vrhu raspodele; jača zaštita stalnih radnika povećava jaz na dnu distribucije i smanjuje ga na sredini i vrhu. 

Ključne reči: razlika u platama na osnovu pola, zaštita zaposlenosti, kvantitativna regresija, EU.


 


 

How to Cite
Perugini C. (2018). Employment Protection and Gender Wage Gap in Europe. Panoeconomicus, 67(2), 139-165. doi:10.2298/PAN170318025P
Section
Original scientific paper